Monday, March 30, 2015

246 - Varying Form of Title - MARC 21

246 - Varying Form of Title (R)


Varying forms of the title appearing on different parts of an item or a portion of the title proper, or an alternative form of the title when the form differs substantially from the title statement in field 245 and if they contribute to the further identification of the item.

For items including several works but lacking a collective title, field 246 is used only for titles related to the title selected as the title proper, usually the first work named in the chief source of information. Titles related to other works are recorded in field 740 (Added Entry-Uncontrolled Related/Analytical Title) or one of the other 7XX (Added Entry) fields.

When displayed/printed as a note, varying forms of titles are usually preceded by an introductory term or phrase that is generated as a display constant based on the second indicator value.

First IndicatorSecond Indicator
Note/added entry controller
0 - Note, no added entry
1 - Note, added entry
2 - No note, no added entry
3 - No note, added entry
Type of title
# - No type specified
0 - Portion of title
1 - Parallel title
2 - Distinctive title
3 - Other title
4 - Cover title
5 - Added title page title
6 - Caption title
7 - Running title
8 - Spine title

Subfield Codes
  • $a - Title proper/short title (NR)
  • $b - Remainder of title (NR)
  • $f - Date or sequential designation (NR)
  • $g - Miscellaneous information (R)
  • $h - Medium (NR)
  • $i - Display text (NR)
  • $n - Number of part/section of a work (R)
  • $p - Name of part/section of a work (R)
  • $5 - Institution to which field applies (NR)
  • $6 - Linkage (NR)
  • $8 - Field link and sequence number (R)

[Source: Library of Congress MARC Bibliographic]


      RDA record for this monograph:
            245 $a Teusday’s tasks
      246 $i Corrected title: $a Tuesday’s tasks

      RDA record for a serial:
            245 $a Zoology studies
      246 $i Misspelled title on number 1: $a Zooology studies 


245 10 $a XX centuries & Mt. St. Helens ...
246 3# $a 20 centuries and Mount Saint Helens

246 3# $a Twenty centuries and Mount Saint Helens

See also:

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Sunday, March 15, 2015

RDA Cataloging Rules for Pseudonyms with MARC 21 Examples

PseudonymA name used by a person (either alone or in collaboration with others) that is not the person’s real name. (RDA Toolkit Glossary)
PseudonymA name assumed by an author to conceal or obscure his or her identity. (AACR2 Glossary) 

RDA Cataloging Rules for Pseudonyms

Frequently Asked Questions (FAQ) on Library of Congress / Program for Cooperative Cataloging practice for creating Name Authority Records (NARs) for persons who use Pseudonyms:

Q1. How many Name Authority Records (NARs) are needed for contemporary persons who use pseudonyms? 

  • If the person never uses his real name in his works but only use his pseudonym as his name, then establish the Name Authority Record under the pseudonym in MARC 21 - 100 Field and place the real name in 400 field.
  • If the author uses his real name and one pseudonym in his works then two Name Authority Records may by created, one under the real name and one under the pseudonym. Then MARC 21 (for Authority Records) 500 field, simple see-also references should be used for linking the two names.
  • If the person uses more than one pseudonym and may or may not use the real name then NARs are created for all the names including the unused real name if known.
  • If the pseudonym represents a joint collaboration by two or more persons and the catalog does not contain items by those persons under their real name then One NAR for the joint pseudonym is created. The un-used names associated with the pseudonym are provided in a 400 field (see reference) on the joint pseudonym NAR. 
  • If the pseudonym represents a joint collaboration by two or more persons each of whom also write under their real name and there are items in the catalog under the real names, then the cataloger should create one Name Authority Record for the joint pseudonym. Use the joint pseudonym as the basic heading. Also, create one NAR each for the associated names. On the joint pseudonym NAR provide a 500 field (see-also reference) for each of the associated real names. 
  • If the pseudonym is used by several persons working independently of each other then the cataloger should create one NAR for the shared pseudonym and one NAR for each individual using the same pseudonym.
Q2. How do I decide which name to choose as the basic heading when creating NARs for a person with multiple pseudonyms? (DCM Z1 663— Complex see-also reference—Names)

Answer: Choose as the basic heading the predominant (most commonly found) form of name. If it is not possible to determine a predominant form choose the real name as the basic heading.

Q3. Is it required to make a NAR for every pseudonym associated with a contemporary person? Some persons purport to have ten or more pseudonyms but in my catalog we only have works under one or two of those names – are there limits set on the number of NARs required? (DCM Z1 667 Cataloger Note section) 

Answer: Resource Description and Access Cataloging Rules permit to make any number of  names authority records for persons using pseudonyms, but catalogers judgment may be used to limit the number of NARs created for authors with a large number of pseudonyms to just those pseudonyms for which there are works in the catalog.

Q4. Should the 663 note technique also be used in a corporate name NAR when providing 500 see-also references for the members of a group? (RDA Chapter 30) 

Answer: No, the 663 note technique is only used to link personal names (100 field) to personal names (500 field).

Q5. Can the 663 note be used without coding the 500 field with subfield $w nnnc? (MARC 21 Format for Authority Records, 663 field)

Answer: No, the 663 note must have a corresponding 500 field (see-also reference) with a subfield $w coded nnnc. 

Q6. What about creating NARs for non-contemporary persons? Where is the guidance? 

Answer: Under RDA there is no contemporary vs. non-contemporary limitation on creation of separate NARs for each name a person uses. 

Q7. What about different real names used concurrently by authors? 

Answer: Treat the case in the same way as pseudonyms and follow the response in A1 in this FAQ.

Q8. How do I handle a situation when a pseudonym conflicts with another name and there is no information to add to either name to differentiate them? Do I create an undifferentiated NAR (or add the name to an undifferentiated NAR if it already exists)? Do I add the prescribed 663 note as well as the 500 coded “nnnc” to the undifferentiated NAR?

Answer: Under new RDA Cataloging Rules no undifferentiated should be made. When a pseudonym conflicts with another name, one of the additions in RDA – should be applied to the
pseudonym in order to create a unique authorized access point.  

Q9. How do I handle LC classification numbers: Do I add the same LCC (053) on each NAR of a pseudonym? What if the pseudonym is used on non-literary works?

Answer: For authors who write literary works under more than one name and who have authority records for each name, a 053 field is added to each record. If an author uses a pseudonym for non-literary works LCC (053) numbers are not added to the NAR for that pseudonym

See also articles under following Resource Description & Access (RDA) Blog Categories (Labels):

Friday, March 6, 2015

Sunday, March 1, 2015

Articles, Books, Presentations on Resource Description and Access (RDA)

RDA Bibliography

Resource Description and Access (RDA) ➨ Articles, Books, Presentations, Thesis, Videos

A web of meaning Linked open data resources on the web

C Landis - College & Research Libraries News, 2014
... provides short descriptions of each of the terms and links out to more in-depth descriptions and
standards. ... Although still in its adolescence, BIBFRAME's emphasis on relationships between
resources means that much of the duplication encountered ... Access: ...

Cataloging for School Librarians

M Kelsey - 2014

[PDF] Introduction to linked data

TP Meehan - Catalogue and Index, 2014
... and preferably one where more information can be found, potentially with further links to yet more
resources. ... Resource Description Framework (RDF). ... xml:lang="en" content="Waugh, Evelyn, 1903-
1966"></div> <div rel="mads:hasExactExternalAuthority" resource="http://viaf ...

[PDF] Bibframe

TP Meehan - Catalogue and Index, 2014
... of these are necessarily the same thing as the WorldCat Work described by Richard Wallis as:
a high-level description of a ... preview-194-million-open-
bibliographic-work-descriptions/ ... ...
American Library Association
CHICAGO — The newest print accumulation of RDA: Resource Description and Access is now available.RDA: Resource Description and Access ...

Multi-Entity Models of Resource Description in the Semantic Web: A comparison of FRBR, RDA, and BIBFRAME

T Baker, K Coyle, S Petiya - Library Hi Tech, 2014
... Bibliographic Entities Seen as Single-Resource Descriptions In practical terms, the ultimate
purpose of multi-entity bibliographic models is to distribute the description of bibliographic
resources over multiple data sources which can, in principle, be separately maintained, and ...

ISBD as Bibliographic Content Standard: Interweaving Threads, Contemplating a Future

LC Howarth - Cataloging & Classification Quarterly, 2014
... The ISBD provides consistent stipulations for descriptions of all types of published ... stipulations
for specific types of resources as required to describe those resources. ... FRBR framework—itself
an essential component of standards, such as RDA: Resource Description and Access. ...

The Origins and Making of the ISBD: A Personal History, 1966–1978

  • Michael Gorman

ISBD, the UNIMARC Bibliographic Format, and RDA: Interoperability Issues in Namespaces and the Linked Data Environment

  • Mirna Willer and Gordon Dunsire

ISBD Resource and Its Description in the Context of the Semantic Web

  • Carlo Bianchini and Mirna Willer

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